Archive for the ‘Effectivness of Business Planning’ Category
Formal groups are collections of employees who are made to work together by the organization to get the job done. On the other hand, informal groups emerge on their own due to the affinities that develop among the group members.
Norms can be described as shared beliefs among group’s members as to what behaviors are appropriate, if one desires to be a part of and belong to the group. Status refers to the importance and deference that people give to others.
Cohesion refers to the extent of unity in the group and is reflected in the member’s conformity to the norms of the group, feeling of attraction for each other and wanting to be members of the group.
Group dynamics portrays how a group should be structured and conducted. It encompasses the dynamics of interaction patterns within the group, the subtle and not-s-subtle pressures exerted by group members, the manners in which decisions are made in the group, how work gets done and member’s needs are met. Understanding these group dynamics will enable managers to completely harness the synergy of the group members.
Individuals join groups for security social relationships, affiliation, leadership etc. These are numerous types of groups. The important among them are primary groups, secondary groups, formal groups and informal groups. Primary groups are small groups enough for face-to-face interaction, having a feeling of commandership, loyalty and a common sense of values among its members. Coalitions are very relevant to organizations. Coalition is group of groups.
The management at different levels should take measures to make the business plan effective due to the possibility of limitations. These measures include:
i) Establishment of co-ordination between long-terms plans and short-term plans
ii) Bringing co-ordination among all the departments in the organization in formulating and implementing plans.
iii) Formulating a comprehensive plan linking all the departmental plans with the corporate level plans.
iv) Giving proper attention to the departmental level plants.
v) Ensuring the commitment and involvement of all managers at all levels in the organization.
vi) Train and develop the managers in analyzing and understanding external environment, formulate the plans effectively.
vii) Foresee the environmental changes; feed the information forward to all the levels in the organization.
viii) Ensuring effective team work and empower the mangers to formulate effective plans.